Gamamwe Game Ranches was registered in 2004 with Zambia’s Department of National Parks. The ranch habitat had a wide diversity of environments already hosting many species that thrived along 5 major rivers that run through the farms or bordered the ranch (Nkanga, Momba, Semahwa, Chilala and the Mbabala rivers). Registration allowed the ranch to buy these resident animals from the Zambian state.
Resident species include a healthy population of preditors including Leopard, Civet, Genet, Caracal, and Side striped Jackal as well as plains game including Chobe Bushbuck, Greater Kudu, Oribi, Sharps Grysbok, Bushpig and Common Reedbuck although our resident herds of waterbuck have been decimated by virus.
Other species had to be reintroduced following game eradication by ranchers in the 1930/40s and the heavy poaching that took place after 1970. Impala, Eland and Zebra were re-introduced and we will continue to select and buy in new populations of game that were originally in the area. Southern Giraffe were introduced in 2008 and their population of 14 is expanding in a very promising manner.
Although in the last 30 years there have been the occasional Lion, Hyena and Elephant visitors these are no longer residents of the ranch and are not encouraged due to our continued cattle ranching business, however a whole cross section of less well known mamals retain their niche providing a genuinly complete wild life environment. Hyraxes, Ardvarks, Ardwolves, Bush Babies, porqupine and Monkeys remain plentiful, as do different types of Mongooses, Otters and Honey Badgers.
On the introduction of commercial cattle rearing to the Choma district, “pest control” measures were set up in the 1920’s through into the 1950’s. Sable were shot in numbers as meat rations for staff employed by commercial farmers to set up cattle ranches and cetain species that preyed upon cattle, like the Cheetah and Lion, were wiped out. Pest control eliminated/reduced any species that were a direct threat to cattle rearing