The entire system depends on a healthy environment in order to survive, the management of which requires both flexibility and a multifaceted approach. Not uncommon in commercial farming regions across the globe, the Ranch has suffered some environmental issues due to previous poor farming practices and mismanagement.
Overgrazing in some areas have led to land degredation, soil exposure, erosion and the establishment of certain invasive species. Selective deforestation of certain valuable tree species such as the useful Mukwa tree has disrupted the natural forest habitat and resulted in bush encroachment, the ultimate loss of natural grasslands and an increase in fires.
The perimeter fencing of the Ranch and increased patrols have protected the forests from encroachment, fire and timber loss. This has been complimented by the introduction of a unit, dedicated to removing exotic tree and shrub species such as lantana and apple thorn that have become a problem.
The cattle herds, together with a small number of goats, have been moved into Ultra High Density Grazing (UHDG) units, which fights bush encroachment while opening up the canopy to encourage grasses, especially palitable ones, to return.
The ranch is fortunate to border on the west and south three other commercial ranches in a consevancy, which has kept a good tree cover while protected their wildlife. In contrast on the northern boundaries communal farmers have extensively cut down trees for charcoal and little wildlife has survived outside our boundary fences.
Deforestation and forest degradation is not only a National concern, but our concern. The problem is driven by agricultural over expansion (commercial and subsistence), heavy reliance on wood fuel – energy demand (charcoal and firewood), unsustainable timber extraction (both legal and illegal) and infrastructure development for housing as well as mining and other large industrial projects.